Self-construal refers to the grounds of self-definition, and the extent to which the self is defined independently of others or interdependently with others. Initially, the term derived from perceived cultural differences in the self.
What is a construal in psychology?
Construal refers to individuals’ perception and action in seeking to comprehend, categorize, identify and/or recognize what they encounter in the form of a task or suggestion or other kind of experience.
What are examples of self Construals?
For example, those with more interdependent self-construal experience more other-focused emotions (e.g., shame) than ego-focused emotions (e.g., anger, pride; Tracy and Robins 2004). In addition, those high in interdependent self-construal are more likely to take the perspective of another person (Haberstroh et al.
What is a Construal example?
For example, imagine you are walking down the street and in front of you someone stops, falls to the ground, grabs their chest, and starts to turn blue. You would begin to interpret this situation, running through all the possible explanations for this situation and the person’s behavior.
What is independent construct?
Self-construal refers to the way in which a person thinks about and defines the self. … An independent self-construal, because of its emphasis on internal and distinctive personal characteristics, is thus one in which the self is seen as a unique individual, fundamentally separate from others.
What is the difference between interdependent and independent?
The independent and interdependent selves
Those with interdependent approaches are more likely to be conscious of others and their relationships and to adjust their behavior to accommodate others. In contrast, independent people are more focused on themselves and on influencing others.
Which is the best definition of an interdependent view of the self?
Which is the best definition of an interdependent view of the self? Defining oneself in terms of one’s relationships to other people. When people focus attention on themselves, they. evaluate and compare their behavior to their internal standards and values.
What is a high level construal?
High level construal is when people think abstractly. When thinking on this level, people are looking at the bigger picture; not focusing on details. At the high level, people focus on central features that capture the overall gist of the situation or object.
What is contained in a person’s construal of the world?
In social psychology, a construal is how a person perceives, comprehends and interprets their world, particularly the acts of others toward them. While self-construal is a perception of the self, the latter is a perception of one’s surroundings. …
Which is the example of schema?
Schemata represent the ways in which the characteristics of certain events or objects are recalled, as determined by one’s self-knowledge and cultural-political background. Examples of schemata include rubrics, perceived social roles, stereotypes, and worldviews.
What does it mean to manage the self you present to others?
Self-presentation refers to how people attempt to present themselves to control or shape how others (called the audience) view them. It involves expressing oneself and behaving in ways that create a desired impression. Self-presentation is part of a broader set of behaviors called impression management.
What is Construal in language?
Cognitive linguistics uses the theoretical concept of ‘construal’ to account for the choice between alternating expressions. The two grammatical possibilities for expressing one and the same situation are two different ways of describing and thereby ‘construing’ that situation.
What is an example of controlled processing?
Controlled processing requires us to pay attention and deliberately put in effort. … Some other examples of controlled processing include the first time a person drives a car, writing a letter to a friend, and answering interview questions.
What is independent Construal of self?
Independent Construal of Self indicates a completely “self-centered” point of view where a person’s behavior and actions are organized completely around their own thoughts and feelings without taking other people’s opinions or feelings into consideration.
What is an independent culture?
Individualistic cultures are those that stress the needs of the individual over the needs of the group as a whole. In this type of culture, people are seen as independent and autonomous. Social behavior tends to be dictated by the attitudes and preferences of individuals.
What is an example of an interdependent culture?
Countries that generally value interdependence include some countries in Central and South America (Mexico, Brazil, Venezuela, Peru, and Chile, for example), as well as people from China, South Korea, Pakistan, Portugal, and Greece, among others.