Musical sound may be regarded as having both horizontal and vertical components. The horizontal aspects are those that proceed during time such as melody, counterpoint (or the interweaving of simultaneous melodies), and rhythm.
What is a horizontal in music?
Horizontal music: series of parallel voices which I imagine might be like an orchestra score – all instruments playing something slightly different but constructing a coherent whole. Vertical music: a single melody line with chords accompanying it, like a singer strumming along to accompany him/herself.
Which term refers to the horizontal aspect of music?
Melody is the LINEAR/HORIZONTAL presentation of pitch (the word used to describe the highness or lowness of a musical sound). Many famous musical compositions have a memorable melody or theme.
What is the vertical aspect of music called?
Harmony is often said to refer to the “vertical” aspect of music, as distinguished from melodic line, or the “horizontal” aspect.
What is horizontal and vertical in music?
Vertical improvisation is when you focus on playing notes that make sense harmonically. Horizontal improvisation is when you focus on playing notes that make sense melodically.
What is the element of melody?
Kliewer states, “The essential elements of any melody are duration, pitch, and quality (timbre), texture, and loudness. Though the same melody may be recognizable when played with a wide variety of timbres and dynamics, the latter may still be an “element of linear ordering.”
How do you describe a melody?
Melody is a timely arranged linear sequence of pitched sounds that the listener perceives as a single entity. Melody is one of the most basic elements of music. A note is a sound with a particular pitch and duration. String a series of notes together, one after the other, and you have a melody.
Why is melody considered horizontal?
Melody is regarded as “horizontal” because its notes are read from left-to-right, while harmony is “vertical” because the notes are played simultaneously (and therefore must be written vertically in notation). … Biphonic: Two different, simultaneous melodies (though some overlap of notes may create harmonies).
Is the horizontal thread of music?
Melody is the horizontal aspect of music. Harmony is the vertical aspect of music. … The horizontal threads, the melodies, are held together by the vertical threads, the harmonies.
Are the notes arranged horizontally?
Melody is ‘horizontal‘, i.e. the notes are heard consecutively, whereas in harmony notes are sounded simultaneously (‘vertical’).
What are the four properties of musical sound?
Since sound is a wave, it has all of the properties attributed to any wave, and these attributes are the four elements that define any and all sounds. They are the frequency, amplitude, wave form and duration, or in musical terms, pitch, dynamic, timbre (tone color), and duration.
What are the three basic musical textures?
Are the three commonly used chords in music?
The most commonly used chords (in any key) are the I (1), V (5), vi (6), IV (4). First, it’s important to know/remember that chords are notated in piano music by Roman Numerals. … We have 3 Major Chords in this pattern and 1 minor chord. Do you see which one is the minor chord? (look for the small letter roman numerals).
What does it mean to think horizontally?
Horizontal thinking, unlike vertical thinking, is to investigate wider, not deeper. … People who think vertically are usually concerned in how to solve the problem. They also usually know everything about something. On the other hand, people who think horizontally are usually concerned in why a particular problem occurs.
What is an example of music that uses monophony?
There are many examples of monophonic texture in childrens songs and folk songs. Singing the “ABC’s”, “Mary Had a Little Lamb”, or “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star” by yourself or with friends and family are all instances of monophony, as are old folk songs like “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” or “Kumbaya”.
What is vertical orchestration?
Vertical re-orchestration is the technique of changing the mix of separate parts of an ongoing loop of music in relation to a player’s movement within the narrative of a game. Games, such as Halo 2, employ a mixture of these techniques in the creation of their soundtracks.